We present a novel technique for the animation of turbulent fluids by coupling a procedural turbulence model with a numerical fluid solver to introduce subgrid-scale flow detail. From the large-scale flow simulated by the solver, we model the production and behavior of turbulent energy using a physically motivated energy model. This energy distribution is used to synthesize an incompressible turbulent velocity field, whose features show plausible temporal behavior through a novel Lagrangian approach for advected noise. The synthesized turbulent flow has a dynamical effect on the large-scale flow, and produces visually plausible detailed features on both gaseous and free-surface liquid flows. Our method is an order of magnitude faster than full numerical simulation of equivalent resolution, and requires no manual direction.

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